UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике...

^ UNIT FIVE
I SPEECH PATTERNS

1. I was sure to be put down in class next to the girl... and she would whisper and giggle.

The children always came to see their grandmother on Sundays, and she UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... would give them delicious pastries.

When asked this question, he would smile and say nothing.

When people met him in the street they would turn away and pretend not to know him UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике....

2. Judy said she didn't know that people used to be monkeys.

a) They used to be great friends.

There used to be a telephone-booth round the corner. I UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... used to know him. Used you to know him.

b) He used to travel by plane, Use(d)n't he? or Didn't he? (colloq.)

He used to work late at UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... night.

Did he use to work late at night? (colloq.)

Judy's fellow-students used to laugh at her ignorance.

3. I'm not used to receiving presents.

She was not used to being UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... treated unkindly.

It is too bad when a college student is not used to reading books.

The mother was used to doing all the work about the house alone.

Our UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... students are used to working with a cassette-recorder.

4. It was Judy who had to read plain books.

It was shame, not fear, that мейд her cry. It was the last course that UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... tasted especially good. It was the mother who decorated the house and prepared everything for the celebration.

It was my sisters who cooked all the dishes.

EXERCISES
^ I. Paraphrase the following using Patterns 1-3:
P UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... a t t e r n 1: 1. By the end of the working-day he usually waited for her at the factory-gate and they went home together. 2. The spring days were warm and UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... sunny, and the children spent much time out-of-doors. 3. When they sometimes asked him about his college days, he always answered that he had greatly enjoyed going to college. 4. The mother UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... never complained; usually she only sighed and went on with her work. 5. Her husband often came back home tired and angry; at table he again and again found fault with the cooking UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике.... 6. When we told the mother how good everything tasted, she always said "Hunger is the best sauce."

P a t t e r n 2: 1. He was in the habit of saying that UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... there is no game like football. 2. She always left the dishes unwashed in the kitchen sink and went away. 3. When he was a student he went to the library every UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... other day. 4. My mother always мейд a splendid chocolate tart for my birthday. 5. When I was a child, our family always went to the seaside for summer holidays. 6. When he was younger, he was UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... a pretty good dancer.

P a t t e r n 3:1. It's something new for me to be treated in this way. 2. Being мейд fun of was something quite UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... unusual for her. 3. It was not the first time that the doctor was to treat this horrible disease. 4. I always work by such light, it is normal for me. 5. The child was UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... never refused anything and considered it a normal state of things.
^ II. Make the following sentences emphatic using Pattern 4 as in the example:
Example: My friend told me everything about it UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике....

It was my Mend who told me everything about it.

1. Doctor Temple cured Mrs. Greene's husband of his stomach disease. 2. Steve treated them all to ice-creams. 3. Her brother told us UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... all about that terrible accident. 4. Your rudeness мейд her cry. 5. My mother does the cooking for all the family. 6. Those books мейд a deep impression on him and decided his future. 7. This UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... noise doesn't let me concentrate on my work. 8. These students recited their own poems at the last party with a great success.
^ III. Translate these sentences into English:
1. Он имел обыкновение гласить, что наилучшее UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... средство от нервных заболеваний — труд. 2. Это мать, а не я, так прекрасно убрала стол цветами. 3. Всякий раз, когда он приходил он приносил мне книжка, которые я должна была прочесть. 4. Я UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... не привыкла петь перед таковой большой аудиторией, но сейчас спою. 5. Его вылечивали этим лекарством от ангины, а не от пневмании. 6. Ранее ты приходил домой еще позднее. 7. Всякий раз, когда шел дождик, он UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... ощущал себя ужаснее. 8. Ребенок привык, чтоб с ним обращались нежно. 9. Для тебя, по-видимому, не нравится доктор Марч? Но ведь конкретно он вылечил меня от этого страшного кашля. 10. Временами он переворачивал UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... страничку, делая вид, что читает.
^ IV. Answer the questions: use would or used to.
N o t e: When the meaning is customary, repeated or habitual activity m the past, used to or would are UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... interchangeable, е.g. Our teacher used to give her students a written test every Thursday. She would read them a story every week too.

For greater emphasis on the idea of past UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... custom used to is preferable, е.g. He used to watch a children's program at that hour.

To express volition, or persistence referring to the past would is usually used; е UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике....g. Several times he tried to get away, but they would not let him go.

1. How often would you write a composition when you were in the ninth form? 2. Would your UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... teachers always correct your compositions? 3. Who used to help you with your homework? 4. What would you do during the summer? 5. Where did you use to go for your vacation? 6. When UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... you were a child what did you use to do on Saturday afternoon? 7. What would you usually do on Sunday? 8. When your brother was younger, he used to play tennis, use(d UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике...)n't he?
^ V. Make up short situations (no more than two or three sentences) or dialogues to illustrate Patterns 1-4 VI. Search the books you read for sentences with these patterns (1-4) to add UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... up to your student's workbook; practise the best examples in class. TEXT. A FRESHMAN'S EXPERIENCE From "Daddy Long-Legs" by Jean Webster
The book "Daddy Long-Legs" by an American UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... writer Jean Webster (1876-1916) is a novel written in the form of letters. The author of these letters, a young girl, Judy by name, writes them to her guardian, a rich man whom she UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... has never seen.

Judy was brought up in an orphan asylum where her life was hard. The children were wholly dependent on charity. They were badly fed and had to wear other UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... people's cast-off clothes. Judy was a very bright girl and when she finished school, her guardian sent her to college.

Judy feels very happy about it. She hopes to become a UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... writer and pay back the money spent on her education by her guardian. About the latter the girl knows almost nothing: she knows that he is a very tall man UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике.... That is why she jokingly calls him Daddy Long-Legs.

This text is one of her letters giving us a glimpse of her early college impressions.

October, 25th

Dear Daddy Long-Legs,

College38 gets UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... nicer and nicer, I like the girls and the teachers and the classes and the campus39 and the things to eat. We have ice-cream twice a week and we UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... never have corn-meal mush.

The trouble with college is that you are expected to know such a lot of things you've never learned. It's very embarrassing at times. I UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... мейд an awful mistake the first day. Somebody mentioned Maurice Maeterlinck,40 and I asked if she was a freshman.41 The joke has gone all over college.

Did you ever hear of Michaelangelo? He was UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... a famous artist who lived in Italy in the Middle Ages. Everybody in English Literature seemed to know about him, and the whole class laughed because I thought he was an UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... archangel. He sounds like an archangel, doesn't he?

But now, when the girls talk about the things that I never heard of, I just keep still and look them up in the UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... encyclopedia. And anyway, I'm just as bright in class as any of the others, and brighter than some of them!

And you know, Daddy, I have a new unbreakable rule: never UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... to study at night, no matter how many written reviews are coming in the morning. Instead, I read just plain books — I have to, you know, because there are eighteen UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... blank years behind me. You wouldn't believe what an abyss of ignorance my mind is; I am just realizing the depths myself.

I never read "David Copperfield", or "Cinderella", or "lvanhoe", or "Alice in UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... Wonderland", or "Robinson Crusoe", or "Jane Eyre". I didn't know that Henry the Eighth was married more than once or that Shelley was a poet. I didn't UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... know that people used to be monkeys, or that George Eliot was a lady. I had never seen a picture of the "Mona Lisa" and (it's true but you won't believe it) I UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... had never heard of Sherlock Holmes.

Now I know all of these things and a lot of others besides, but you can see how much I need to catch up UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике....

November, 15th

Your five gold pieces were a surprise! I'm not used to receiving Christmas presents. Do you want to know what I bought with the money?

1. A silver watch to UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... wear on my wrist and get me to recitations in time.

2. Matthew Arnold's42 poems.

3. A hot-water bottle.

4. A dictionary of synonyms (to enlarge my vocabulary).

5. (I don't much like to UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... confess this last item, but I will.) A pair of silk stockings.

And now, Daddy, never say I don't tell all!

It was a very low motive, if you must know UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... it, that prompted the silk stockings. Julia Pendleton, a sophomore, comes into my room to do geometry, and she sits crosslegged on the couch and wears silk stockings every night. But UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... just wait — as soon as she gets back from vacation, I shall go in and sit on her couch in my silk stockings. You see the miserable creature that I am — but at UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... least I'm honest; and you knew already, from my asylum record, that I wasn't perfect, didn't you?

But, Daddy, if you'd been dressed in checked ginghams all your life, you UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике...'d understand how I feel. And when I started to the high shool, I entered upon another period even worse than the checked ginghams. The poor box.6

You can't UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... know how I feared appearing in school in those miserable poor-box dresses. I was perfectly sure to be put down in class next to the girl who first owned my dress UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике..., and she would whisper and giggle and point it out to the others.

To recapitulate (that's the way the English instructor begins every other sentence), I am very much obliged for UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... my presents.

I really believe I've finished. Daddy. I've been writing this letter off and on for two days, and I fear by now you are bored.

But I've been UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... so excited about those new adventures that I must talk to somebody, and you are the only one I know. If my letters bore you, you can always toss them into the UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... waste-basket.

Good-bye, Daddy, I hope that you are feeling as happy as I am.

Yours ever, Judy.

^ VOCABULARY NOTES

1. bright adj 1. броский, светлый, е.g. The leaves of the trees are bright UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... green in spring. Polished steel is bright.

2. умный, способный, остроумный, е.g. There are several bright pupils in her class. The boy had a bright face.

3. смышленый, е.g. Everybody was bright UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... and gay at the party.

bright(ly) adv ярко, ясно, живо, остроумно, е.g. She stood in the doorway smiling brightly after him. The fire shines bright.

brighten υi UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике.../t проясняться; придавать сияние, делать светлее: облагораживать, е.g. The sky is brightening. This wallpaper will brighten our room. What can you do to brighten the life of the sick man?

brightness n яркость, сияние UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике..., живость разума

2. plain adj 1. ясный, тривиальный, понятный, е.g. The meaning of the word is quite plain, isn't it? I like her plain speech. She spoke plain English.

Syn. clear

2. обычной, обычный; гладкий UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике..., без рисунка (о тканях), е.g. They like what they call plain food. She looked very pretty in her plain white dress. She bought a plain blue material.

Syn. simple

N о UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... t e: The difference in the meanings of the synonyms plain — clear and plain — simple is so slight that we may often use one instead of the other, е.g. plain (clear) meaning UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике..., plain (simple} food, plain (simple) man. Yet, there are some cases when only one of the two synonyms may be used, е.g. to speak plain English; to make UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... a clear statement; to live a simple life; to get a simple task.

3. безобразный, е.g. He liked her plain, but honest face.

Cf.: ugly безобразный (отвратительный)

3. blank adj пустой, незаполненный, as a blank UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... sheet of paper; a blank page (form, etc.). Also fig., е.g. There was a blank look on her face.

blankly adv, е.g. She looked at me blankly. He UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... sat on the edge of the bed staring blankly before him.

blank n 1. пустое место, пропуск, е.g. Leave a blank after each word. Fill in this blank.; 2. бланк, е.g. She bought UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... two telegraph blanks.

Note: The Russian word пустой has several equivalents in English: 1. пустой (незаполненный) blank sheet (page); 2. пустой (ничего не содержащий) empty room (box, bottle); 3. пустой (поверхностный) shallow person (ideas UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике..., interests); 4. пустой (незанятый) vacant room (house, flat).

4. ignorance n невежество; неведение, незнание, е.g. Judy's ignorance мейд the girls laugh. He did it from (through) ignorance.

ignorant adj несведущий, не понимающий UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике..., е.g. The boy has never been to school and is quite ignorant. I am ignorant of his plans.

5. prompt υt. 1. вдохновлять, внушать, е.g. What prompted you to look for him UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... in our town?

2. давать подсказку; суфлировать, е.g. She'll prompt you if you forget the words. No prompting, please.

prompt n, е.g. Aren't you ashamed to wait for a UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... prompt?

prompter n суфлер; подсказчик

6. re`cord of 1. записывать, регистрировать, е.g. Не recorded all the events of the day.

2. записывать на пластинку, на пленку, е.g. On the very day of his arrival they UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... recorded his speech.

`record n 1. запись, протокол, отчет; черта, сведения, е.g. A careful record was мейд of all those absent. The boy's school record leaves much to be desired.

2. граммофонная UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... пластинка, е.g. Have you got any records of Bach?

cassette(tape)-recording n звукозапись, е.g. I'd rather make use of cassette-recording to review the material.

cassete (tape)-recorder UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... n магнитофон, е.g. Something has gone wrong with the cassette-recorder, it doesn't work.

7. point υt 1. демонстрировать пальцем, указывать (to), е.g. Не pointed to the monument. The needle of UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... the compass points to the North.

2. направлять, нацелить (at), е.g. The boy pointed a stick at the dog.

to point out smth., е.g. The teacher pointed out our mistakes UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике....

to point out that, е.g. He pointed out that all the college rules should be obeyed.

8. bore υt надоедать, раздражать, е.g. Your friend bores me.

to bore to death by smth. до UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... погибели наскучить, е.g. I was bored to death.

bore n кислый, нудный человек, кислое занятие, е.g. I don't want to see him again, he is such UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... a bore.

boring adj кислый, е.g. This is a very boring book.

boredom n скукотища

9. excite υt 1. возбуждать, тревожить, тревожить, е.g. The patient is very ill and must not be excited.

to UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... be excited by, е.g. Everybody was excited by the news.

to get excited about (over), е.g. It's nothing to get excited about. Don't get excited over such UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... trifles.

Сf.: There's nothing to worry about. She always worries about little things.

2. вызывать энтузиазм (восхищение и т.д.), е.g. The newcomer excited everybody's interest.

exciting adj возбуждающий, волнующий, захватывающий UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике..., е.g. What exciting news you've brought! I could hardly get over that exciting moment. She told such an exciting story.

excited pp взволнованный

excitement n возбуждение, волнение, usu. to cause excitement, е UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике....g. The decision to keep Mother's Day caused great excitement in the family.

excitedly adv, взволнованно

^ ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (I)

Words

blank adj, n excite υ item n

bore υ, n excitement n plain adj

boring UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... adj exciting adj point υ

boredom n excited pp prompt υ

bright adj excitedly adv 'record n

bright(ly) adv experience n re'cord υ

brighten υ freshman n recorder n

brightness n ignorance n sophomore n

confess υ ignorant adj

Word UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... Combinations

the trouble with ... is that... next to

at times to point out smth. (that)

to keep still every other (sentence, day, etc.)

you wouldn't believe what (how)... to be much obliged to smb UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике...., for smth.

to be a surprise to smb. to be bored (to death)

to enlarge one's vocabulary to cause excitement

EXERCISES
^ I. Read the text and do the following (A. Grammar UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике..., B. Word usage):
A. 1. Search the text for passive voice constructions and classify them according to tense groups. 2. Compare the "if-clauses" used in the text and explain their meaning. 3. Identify the UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... function of the -ing- forms used in the text. 4. Select examples to illustrate the compound predicate. 5. Explain why there is no article in with college, from vacation, in class.

B. 1. Explain the UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... difference between the following words used in the text: dictionary — vocabulary, giggle — laugh, toss — throw, pair — couple. 2. Search the text for the verb get, translate the sentences. 3. What is the most favourite word UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... in Judy's vocabulary? Would you recommend your pupils to use it?
^ II. Choose two or three paragraphs from the text of Unit Five for translation. Reason your choice and discuss possible UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... variants of the translation. III. Answer the following questions:
1. What did Judy mean by classes and campus? 2. Why did Judy mention ice-cream and соrn-meal mush in her letter? 3. What did Judy UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... think was the trouble with college? 4. What joke had gone all over college? 5. Why did Judy keep still when the girls spoke about things she didn't know? 6. Why didn't UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... Judy study at night, no matter how many written reviews were coming in the morning? 7. In what way did Judy want to catch up with the group? 8. What did Judy mean by saying that UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... she was at least honest? 9. What did Judy mean by saying writing this letter off and on for two days? 10. Where had Judy studied before college? 11. Why did Judy feel UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... embarrassed at times? 12. What did Judy mean by blank years and abyss of ignorance? 13. What shows that the text was written by an American writer?
^ IV. Write an outline of die letter UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике.... (Differentiate between significant and insignificant events described in the letter. Leave out the insignificant ones.) V. Try your хэнд at teaching:
A. Preparation. Search the texts of Units One, Two (I UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике...), Three (I), Four (I), Five (I) for polysyllables43 with two stresses, practise their pronunciation.

B. Work in Class. a) Pronounce distinctly each word fixing the students' attention on the stresses.

b) Make the students repeat UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... the words after you.

c) Ask the students individually and correct their mistakes. (See "Classroom English", Section VIII.)
^ VI. Study Vocabulary Notes and translate the illustrative examples into Russian. VII. Explain UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... (in English) what is meant by and give Russian equivalents of:
A. blank wall, blank look, blank verse, blank sheet, blank form, blank cheque, blank years, blank mind, blank face;

B. empty room UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике..., shallow interests, vacant house, shallow girl, bright dress, bright face, bright child, bright eyes, ignorant person, incomparable bore.
^ VIII. Paraphrase the following sentences:
1. He stared at her in utter astonishment UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике.... 2. He opened his eyes for a short while but then lost his consciousness again. 3. A faint smile enlivened her face for a moment. 4. There was a gap in my memory. 5. There are UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... many interesting items in the newspaper today. 6. The silk stockings caused Judy's envy. 7. He used to be a capable pupil. 8. The letter aroused great interest. 9. At times she felt very unhappy. 10. The UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... trouble with him is that he is a light-minded person. 11. This fruit is quite eatable, I'd say. 12. Your friend differs much from what he was years ago.
^ IX UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике.... a) Write 20 questions about the second part of the text of Unit Five using the following words and phrases:
1. Christmas present; 2. to be a surprise; 3. wrist; 4. to get to (one's) recitations; 5. a hot UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике...-water bottle; 6. to enlarge one's vocabulary; 7. to confess; 8. a low motive; 9. to do geometry; 10. to sit cross-legged; 11. a miserable creature; 12. to know (from); 13. to be very much obliged for; 14. every other UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... sentence; 15. to be bored; 16. to be excited about; 17. to toss into the waste-basket; 18. to talk to (smb.); 19. at least.
^ b) Ask your fellow-students to give their responses UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике.... X. Translate the following sentences into English:
1. Вы отлично понимаете свою роль либо вам нужен суфлер? 2. Естественно, у Джуди были недочеты, но она по последней мере была честна. 3. Она очень беспокоилась, потому UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... что конкретно ее доклад был первым. 4. Девицам не разрешалось выходить с местности института после того, как колокол пробьет 10. 5. Оливер Твист воспитывался в работном доме (work-house). С ранешнего возраста детям приходилось много работать UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике..., одеваться в чужие обноски и есть одну овсянку. Большая часть учителей, несведущие люди, очень безжалостно обращались с детками, 6. Не подсказывайте. Она знает урок и просто мало беспокоится. 7. Вам необходимо заполнить бланк UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... и расписаться вот тут. 8. Обычное белоснежное платьице Джеммы очень шло ей. 9. Княжна Марья была безобразна, но ухмылка, освещавшая ее лицо, была прелестна. 10. Ирэн всегда одевалась просто, но с огромным вкусом. 11. Глаза мальчугана поблескивали от UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... возбуждения. 12. Джуди сообразила свою ошибку только тогда, когда ее подруги начали смеяться. 13. Свежайший воздух и обычная еда — вот что ему необходимо на данный момент. 14. Периодически ей казалось, что она не сумеет вынести такового UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... горя. Но у нее был отпрыск, о котором было надо хлопотать. 15. Я еще не привык работать с магнитофоном. 16. Неудача в том, что я растеряла билеты и не могу их отыскать.
^ XI UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике.... a) Retell the contents of Judy's letter in Indirect Speech. b) Retell the contents of Judy's letter as her guardian might describe it to a friend of his. c UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике...) Describe Judy's first steps in college as Julia Pendleton might be describing them to a friend of hers. d) Give a summary of the text ^ ХII. Insert prepositions or adverbs UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... where necessary:
i. The trouble ... the book is that it's boring me ... death. 2. It will take me ... least a month to catch......the group. 3. What did you buy... the money you UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... got... your father? 4. I need an alarm clock to wake me up ... time. 5. I've been writing the letter ... and......two days, now I've finished it... last. 6. I was perfectly sure to UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... be put......the desk next... the girt whom I didn't like to sit.... 7. His visit was a surprise ... me, I didn't know he was ... town. 8. When I come ... some English words UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... which I don't know I always look them......the dictionary. 9. In his speech he pointed ... all the drawbacks ... our work. 10. The drills on the English sounds bore me ... times, but I know UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... that they are very useful. 11. He helped me a lot... my mathematics and I'm much obliged ... him ... it.
^ XIII. Revise Essential Vocabulary (I) and translate the following:
1. Вы UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... должны догнать группу, вроде бы много ни пришлось вам работать. 2. Он до погибели надоел мне рассказами о собственных приключениях. 3. У него по последней мере 5 ошибок в каждой контрольной. 4. Вся неудача в том UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике..., что у меня с собой только 50 копеек. Что я могу приобрести на эти средства? 5. Вроде бы много новых слов ни было в тексте, я все их смотрю в словаре. 6. Вы делаете ошибки в каждом UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... втором предложении. 7. Я не раз гласила Борису Петрову, студенту второго курса, что, если он желает выдержать экзамен, ему нужно больше заниматься. 8. Подразумевается, что все студенты знают, когда начинаются экзамены, 9. Тяжело признаваться в UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... том, что ты не прав, но он был обязан сделать это. 10. Я знаю, что поступила плохо, но по последней мере я поняла, что мне не следовало так поступать. 11. Этот живой, сообразительный мальчишка UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... очень приглянулся Оливеру, и они стали друзьями. 12, Я вам благодарен за помощь. 13. Вы должны читать больше, это позволит вам существенно расширить ваш припас слов. 14. Он смотрел на меня непонимающим взором UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике..., будто бы не слышал, что я говорю. 15. С какой стати вам так беспокоиться из-за мелочей? 16. Учитель указал на более тяжелейщие ошибки в диктанте, просто и ясно растолковал правила, которыми необходимо воспользоваться, чтоб избежать их UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике.... 17. Тщательно опишите свои воспоминания от этой поездки. 18. Мне нравились в нем ясный разум и обычная речь. 19. Что привело класс в такое возбуждение? — Волнующая для их новость; у их будет новый учитель по UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... геометрии. 20. Они были когда-то неплохими друзьями. Просто не могу для себя представить, почему они поссорились. 21. Старик указал на картину, которая висела на обратной стенке.
^ XIV. Compose 20 sentences about the text, using UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... modal verbs must, can, may, ought, might with the perfect infinitive:
Models: a) Judy's guardian must have (never) read her letters (должно быть, (не) читал).

b) Judy could have UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... bought some other things with her guardian's money (могла бы приобрести...).

c) Judy's guardian might have seen Judy somewhere (он, может быть, лицезрел ее...).

d) Don't you think that UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... Judy's guardian ought to have answered her letter (ему следовало бы ответить на ее письмо).
^ XV. a) Translate the text into Russian:
Dear Daddy Long-Legs,

You never answer any questions, you never UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... show the slightest interest in anything I do. I haven't a doubt that you throw my letters into the waste-basket without reading them. Hereafter I shall write only UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... about work.

My re-examinations in Latin and Geometry came last week. I passed them both and am now a Sophomore.

I came up a fortnight ago, sorry to leave the farm, but UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... glad to see the campus again. It is pleasant to come back to something familiar, I am beginning to feel at home in college.

I am beginning chemistry, a most UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... unusual study. I've never seen anything like it before. I am also taking logic. Also history of the whole world. Also plays of William Shakespeare. Also French.

I should rather have elected Economics than UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... French, but I didn't dare, because I was afraid that unless I re-elected French, the Professor would not let me pass — as it was. I just managed UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... to squeeze through the June examinations. But I will say that my high-school preparation was not very good.

And here is news for you. I have begun to be an author. A poem UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... entitled "From my Tower" appears in the February "Monthly" — on the first page, which is a very great honour for a Freshman. My English instructor stopped me on my way UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... out. of college last night, and said it was a charming piece of work except for the sixth line, which had too many feet.

But sometimes a dreadful fear comes over me that I'm UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... not a genius.

Yours truly, Judy

(^ From "Daddy Long-Legs" by Jean Webster)
b) Comment on the letter above. Point out in what it differs from Judy's earlier letters (see the UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... text). Explain the last line of this letter. Is Judy quite serious here? XVI. Speak about Judy. Describe her as fully as you can. When pointing out this or UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... that trait in her character, give your reasons. (See the text of Unit Five and Ex. XV.). ^ XVII. Compose dialogues and perform them in class: 1. between Judy and Julia Pendleton about Judy's guardian UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике...; 2. between two of Judy's fellow-students about Judy; 3. between Judy and the English instructor. XVIII. Write a composition in the form of a letter describing some of your (or your UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... friend's) experiences as a fresher. Use words and phrases from Essential Vocabulary (I). See also Judy's letter (Ex. XV). ^ XIX. Try your хэнд at teaching. 1. Say what you would do in UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... the teacher's positions
Once, after having hastily written an assignment on the blackboard the teacher left the class alone for a few minutes. Upon her return she found several words UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... on the blackboard were circled with coloured chalk. At the bottom was written, "Careless writing, please do over."
^ 2. Practise your "Classroom English". a) Every teacher is faced with the problem of UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... keeping discipline in the classroom, A teacher should know how to do it to goad English. Describe the teacher's reaction in the following situation:
1) Ann is not paying attention.

2) Ted is standing UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... up.

3) George — you can see only the back of his head.

4) Steve — finds it impossible to be silent for more than a minute at a time.

5) Jenny — is not looking at the blackboard UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике....

6) Peter — is sprawled out across his desk.

7) Alison — is disturbing the girl sitting next to her.

8) Beth — is copying the answer from somebody else.

9) Alan and Paul — are arguing about UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... something.

10) Andy — the slowest and dreamiest boy in the class.
^ b) Play the part of a young teacher describing a lesson in a very unruly class to his/her fellow teachers. (See "Classroom UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... English", Section VII.)
LABORATORY EXERCISES (I)

1. Listen to the text "A Freshman's Experience", mark the stresses and tunes, repeat the text following the model.

^ 2. Paraphrase the given sentences.

3. Extend the given sentences UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике....

4. Write a spelling-translation test Check it with the key.

5. Translate the sentences into English. Check them with the key.

6. listen to the text 'Town and Gown" or some other text on UNIT FIVE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения по грамматике... the history of English Education. Write the summary of the text. Comment on it in class.


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